101 on Acne Scarring and How To Fix It January 14 2014, 1 Comment

101 on Acne Scarring and How To Fix It! - Written by M.Hart

Types of Scarring -

1. Ice Pick Scars

These are the most common acne scars - they tend to have darker pigmentation and tend to create slight indents on the skin’s first and second layers

2. Box Car Scars

These tend to be very angular and occur mainly on the temples and inner parts of the cheeks. Usually are extremely deep and appear in clumps.

3. Rolling Scars

These are scars that tend to give a wavy-like appearance. These are usually on the upper layer of the skin.

4. Hyperthropic Scars

Thick, slightly raised scars on the upper layer of the skin. Maybe a bit itchy. Similar to keloid scars.


How Acne Scars Form

 When the dermis is injured it leaves a dark, pigmented, indentation on our skin. These are what we call “acne scars”.  Acne scars are the result of temporary/permanently damaged skin. These marks are often caused when we have acne in the form of a cyst, pustule, or papule. In other words - inflamed acne. These tend to occur when the pores of the skin become clogged with excess sebum (oil), dirt, bacteria, and dead skin cells. When the pore swells do to the overload of the previously stated, the follicle walls of the skin break and tear, causing our skin to leave a mark. Depending on how our skin reacts, usually it’ll start to produce more collagen on it’s own, trying to rebuild and repair the skin. Although, unfortunately, most of the time our skin doesn’t produce anywhere near enough collagen to fully repair the skin and make it look as flawless as before. 

Some people may experience an over production of collagen, resulting in what are often known as “keloid scars”. Most are left with raised, dark pink or red marks on the skin, almost appearing as acne.


Is there anyway I can prevent inflamed acne?

By finding the right routine for your skin - this can help prevent deep and potentially damaging acne. This may mean consulting your local dermatologist if you have serious cystic acne. If you have inflammatory breakouts, try to reduce them as fast as possible by using something that’ll heal the breakout healthily. A lot of the time tea tree oil is recommend for this process. 

Reduce the urge to pick or pop your breakouts. Doing so will cause a rupture of bacteria, causing not only the area around your skin to breakout further - but damaging the skin tissue, resulting in more scarring.


What can I do to get rid of my acne scarring?

Some may recommend bleaching, others would try chemical peels, microdermabrasion, the list goes on. These treatments tend to be costly and for some not very effective. The best treatment for scarring is CIT (collagen induction therapy) or could also be known as microneedling or dermarolling. The process of CIT is creating tiny punctures in the skin, which cause the skin to react and start to rebuild it’s natural collagen. This will help smooth of your skin texture and pigmentation. Giving your skin that brand new look again!


How long will CIT take?

Collagen repair is a gradual, longer process. But, it’s one of the healthiest for your skin. Depending on the damage and severity of your scarring, it could take up to 3-8 months to see results. Some even see it after their first use!